Health Matters


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What is an intrauterine device?


 An IUD is a non-hormonal small plastic and copper device that is inserted into the womb to prevent pregnancy for 5 to 10 years. It is safe, effective, requires no daily, weekly or monthly attention and discrete. You can be pregnant at any time after your IUD is removed. A reliable brand of intrauterine device is LYDIA IUD. The LYDIA IUD has four variant – Lydia copper Y, Lydia copper T, Lydia safe load and Lydia sleek.

Lydia copper T – 5 years

Lydia copper T- 10 years

Lydia safe load – 10 years

Lydia sleek – 5 years- Small design makes it ideal for young women and nulliparous with small uterine length; Small design also makes Lydia Sleek more comfortable for such women


Who can use an intrauterine device?

It is safe for many women including young women who have never been pregnant, women who are breastfeeding and women who desire hormone free, long-term contraception.


Who cannot use an intrauterine device?

You should not use IUDs if you are already pregnant, have unexplained vaginal bleeding, gonorrhea, chlamydia or at high risk of STIs (eg. Have multiple sex partners without using a condom). You may have Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) if you have Chlamydia or gonorrhea and do not get treated. Your risk of PID will increase after IUD is inserted

How to use intrauterine device?

You can insert LYDIA IUDs at any time during your menstrual cycle provided you have confirmed that you are not pregnant (through a pregnancy test), but preferably you should insert it during or immediately after your period.


Benefits of intrauterine device

  • Does not contain hormones and so, no hormonal side effects
  • It starts working the same day it is inserted
  • It is safe for breastfeeding mothers
  • It does not require constant follow up at the clinic
  • It can be removed whenever the woman wants
  • There’s quick return to fertility once removed
  • Does not interact with any medicines
  • Does not interfere or interrupt sex, so offers the couple complete intimacy
  • Nylon suture is softer and more comfortable
  • Lydia IUDs can be used as an emergency contraception if inserted within 5 days of unprotected sex.




What are the side effects of intrauterine device?

Some women may experience side effects while others will not. These side effects normally decrease during the first 3-6 months of insertion. Common side effects to expect include mild to moderate lower abdominal pain during the first few days after insertion, heavier bleeding and/or longer periods and painful menses.



FAQs on IUDs

  • Does it protect against STIs and HIV (AIDS)? IUDs do not protect against STIs and HIV (AIDS) neither do they increase your risk of contracting HIV and STIs. For protection against sexually transmitted infections you should use a condom
  • Will IUD move to other parts of your body? IUDs will not move to your heart, brain or any other parts of your body. They will sit in your womb, like a seed in its shell.
  • Does it cause pain during sex? IUDs will not cause you any form of pain whenever you are having sex. Many women even tend to forget it’s there after some years. Please don’t forget as you are advised to go for removal or to insert a fresh one after 5 to 10 years depending on the type you used, so you won’t get pregnant.



This segment is sponsored by DKT International Nigeria. For further information, questions and concerns about contraceptives and reproductive health issues, visit or send RHS space your question to DKT’s toll free Short code – 38350.